he did the whole bit about my exhaust being modified
Modified exhausts are completely legal as of 2001, the only thing is though it can't exceed 95db. Which from what I hear is pretty damn loud!
You can have a 10 inch tip there if you wanted to as long as it is NOT harmful to other drivers, etc... but you get my point.
The key here is to prove it to officer before he writes the ticket or you will have to go to court and prove it to the judge. Big hassle.
so, just because the officer GUESSES that your exhaust is too loud, based on using his own ears, across the street and in his patrol car with the windows rolled up and the police radio turned on... he is going to be correct?
Last time I checked, the patrol cars didn't have sound level checking devices on them. But also, in California you are ALWAYS GUILTY until you can prove yourself innocent.
The key is not go get the ticket in the first place. The only way to do that is to convince the Officer not to write one. That means you have to education him/her on the violation in question.
In the case of the exhaust, even if the law says 95db is the limit, I don't think any officer can tell you precisely what db each exhaust is giving out. Therefore, he/she have to rely on common sense and experience.
no ticket=no need to go to court=no need to take time off=no hassle.
on a side note, I found what I was looking for to replace the clown-horn that comes stock with the Celica http://shop.certiport.com/Shop/Control/fp/vpid/830126/SFV/13379